A-Z Of Maritime Terms

HAGUE RULES – Code of minimum conditions for the carriage of cargo under a bill of lading

HAGUE VISBY RULES – the 1968 revision of the Hague Rules

HANDYSIZE BULK CARRIER – Bulk carrier between 10,000 and 40,000DWT.

HARBOUR DUES – Various local charges levied against all seagoing vessels entering a harbour, to cover maintenance of channel depths, buoys, lights, etc. Not all harbours raise this charge.

HARBOUR MASTER (Port Captain) – A person usually having the experience of a certificated master mariner and having a good knowledge of the characteristics of the port and its whole area. He administers the entire shipping movements that take place in and within reach of his port.

HARD AGROUND – A vessel which has gone aground and is incapable of refloating under her own power.

HATCH – An opening, generally rectangular, in a ship's deck providing access into the compartment below.

HAWSER – Large strong rope or cable used for towing purposes and for securing or mooring ships.

HAZARDOUS CARGO – All substances of an inflammable, toxic or otherwise dangerous nature.

HELM – A tiller or a wheel generally installed on the bridge or wheelhouse of a ship to turn the rudder during manoeuvring and navigation. It is in fact the steering wheel of the ship.

HELMSMAN – An able-bodied seamen entrusted with the steering of a vessel.

HOISTING ROPE – Special flexible wire or nylon rope for lifting purposes.

HOLD – A general name for the large compartments below the main deck designated for stowage of general cargo.

HULL – Shell or body of a ship – applies to the side and bottom of ship.

HYDROFOIL – A craft that under acceleration rises above water but remains in contact with the surface through supporting legs.

IAPH – International Association of Ports & Harbours

IHMA – International Harbour Masters Association

ILO – International Labour Organization; Based in Geneva, it is one of the oldest components of the UN system of specialized agencies and has been involved over the years in appraising and seeking to improve and regulate conditions for seafarers. In its unusual tripartite way, involving official representatives of government, employer and employee interests, its joint Maritime Commission have been responsible for regulations involving the employment of foreign seafarers with regards to the application of minimum labour standards, on crew accommodation, accident prevention, medical examination and medical care, food and catering and competency of ships' officers.

IMDG – International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code.

IMF – International Monetary Fund.

IMO – International Maritime Organization: Formerly known as the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO), was established in 1958 through the United Nations to coordinate international maritime safety and related practices.

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