Why Is The Cabotage Vessel Financing Fund Untouchable

Without being unnecessarily repetitive, we need to reiterate that, the Cabotage Vessel Finance Fund (CVFF) is an essential part of the Cabotage Act, and that it has been untouchable for as many years as it has accrued.

With a lofty objective of deliberately reserving commercial transportation of goods and services within Nigeria’s coastal and inland  waters for Nigerian-flag vessels and vessels that are owned by Nigerians, the Cabotage Act  spells out four pillars upon which its implementation must rest.

The four pillars are that: Cabotage vessels must be wholly -owned by Nigerians; they must be registered in Nigeria, must be crewed by Nigeria and Nigerian shipyards must build and repair Cabotage vessels.

These pillars, especially the one that amplifies ownership of vessels by Nigerians, underscores the essence of the CVFF, which is akin to a contributory fund by the so-called Nigerian ship owners and beneficiaries of the Nigerian Cabotage system.

An important annexure to the Act is the Cabotage Vessel Financing Fund; a Fund which is derivable from the two percent deductions from all contracts awarded under the Cabotage regime. It was designed to enable indigenous shipping companies acquire adequate tonnage to be able to participate in coastal and inland trade, still currently dominated by foreigners.

The fact is that, since the collection started, no one has officially benefitted from the CVFF; all that we have been hearing are promises.

We recall that, at a forum organised by the News Agency of Nigeria in 2018, the Director General of the Nigerian Maritime Administration and Safety Agency (NIMASA); Dr Dakuku Peterside said the agency had concluded necessary documentation needed for the disbursement of the Cabotage Vessel Financing Fund (CVFF). He gave the accruals from the fund at that time to be in excess of US$100 million.

And in 2019, the DG also told journalists that the CVFF is already in the neighborhood of $124million, even as he raised fresh hopes of disbursement of the Fund to qualified Nigerian ship owners. But, it was never disbursed.

Under the CVFF guidelines, each beneficiary must submit application and needs  to tie the loan application to a maritime project, for which 15 per cent of the project cost must be provided, having been pre-qualified by NIMASA.
NIMASA, which is statutorily mandated to disburse the CVFF, at a point appointed four banks: Skye, Diamond, Fidelity, and Sterling as Primary Lending Institutions (PLIs) for the CVFF. 

A lot of stakeholders have raised one question or the other about the CVFF. A former Executive Director of NIMASA, Engr  Nnadi Ogbuagu  had accused the NIMASA DG of telling lies about the actual worth of the CVFF. He alleged that the figure which the DG bandied could not have been correct.

Similarly, a former chairman of the board of NIMASA, and currently Vice President, Nigerian Chamber of Shipping, Alhaji Tijani Ramallan had alleged misapplication of proceeds of the CVFF. He alleged that a former DG of NIMASA diverted the money to issues unrelated to maritime. 

More importantly, Ramallan expressed disgust that the Ministry of Transportation, NIMASA and others wrongly behave as if the CVFF is a public fund. He says, the CVFF is a stakeholders’ fund and that it should be used for the development of shipping.

The fact is – the CVFF remains an unfulfilled dream of the initiators and drafters of the Cabotage Act.

There have been  a lot of back and forth about the CVFF. At some point, there was an announcement that six companies had been prequalified to benefit from the fund; that was the last that was heard of it. If it is true that NIMASA had for a long time conducted due diligence on the six companies and handed over to their name Ministry of Transport, if it is also true that it is the Presidency that is delaying the disbursement, then our fears about the insincerity on the part of government may have been confirmed.

Perhaps, it is appropriate to ask at this point: what happened to the six companies that were shortlisted as qualified to access the CVFF a few years ago?

It appears that we have gone past the excuses of blaming the Federal Government and the Presidency. It also appears like the six companies (whose identities were not disclosed) are no longer in the picture.

 If by its claim, the CVFF has grown in excess of US$200Million, why is it still being warehoused with the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), and why are we still at the level of forming committees upon committees. 

While not subscribing to the allegation that the Fund may have been misappropriated, the non-disbursement of the CVFF is raising questions.

Between NIMASA and the supervising Ministry of Transportation and the Presidency, there is a lot that is going on that is detrimental to the success of Cabotage Act in general and the transparency of the CVFF in particular.

It is a surprise that the incumbent leadership of NIMASA is following the same pattern; the usual practice is for every DG of NIMASA and the Minister of Transportation to dangle the carrot of disbursement of the CVFF in front of stakeholders, especially ship owners.

Between the DG of NIMASA, and the Minister of Transportation, there appears  to be a conspiracy of not wanting to disburse the CVFF, or is there something unusual or untold about the fund that handicaps them? 

Nigerian maritime industry stakeholders are tired of hearing this same song of; ‘we will soon disburse the CVFF’. Both NIMASA and the Ministry of Transportation are beginning to sound like a broken record. 

It was the Minister; Mr Rotimi Amaechi who by himself, said in December 2019 that CVFF disbursement would commence in January 2020. He didn’t say another committee would be set up to begin another round of meetings over CVFF. This is tantamount to dishonesty and it further reinforces the fears that we all nurse.