As part of a healthy balanced diet, you should eat foods and drinks high in sugars in small amounts
Sugary foods and drinks can cause tooth decay, especially if you have them between meals.
Many foods that contain added sugars also contain lots of calories, but often have few other nutrients. Eating these foods often can contribute to you becoming overweight. Being overweight can increase your risk of health conditions such as:
• heart disease
• type 2 diabetes
What is sugar?
Sugar is a carbohydrate that’s found naturally in most foods. However, it’s also added to lots of foods such as sweets, chocolate, cakes and some fizzy and juice drinks.
In the ingredients list, sugar added to food may be called:
• corn syrup
• hydrolysed starch
• invert sugar
How much sugar?
Added sugars shouldn’t make up more than 10% of the energy you get from food and drink each day. This is roughly 70g for men and 50g for women, but it varies depending on:
• your size
• your age
• how active you are
Fruit juice and honey can also count as added sugars as they're sometimes added to foods to make them sweeter.
Fruit juice is still a healthy choice (one 150ml serving can count towards your 5 A DAY). However, the sugars can damage your teeth, so it’s best to drink it with a meal. Sugars in whole pieces of fruit are less likely to do this because the sugars are contained within the food, while in fruit juice the sugars are released during the juicing process.
You shouldn’t cut down on fruit and milk as they're an important part of a healthy, balanced diet.
Check food labels
Read the nutritional information on food labels to see how much sugar the food contains. Remember that sugar has many different names. The nearer the beginning of the ingredient list the sugar is, the more sugar the product contains.
Look for the 'Carbohydrates (of which sugars)' figure in the nutrition label to see how much sugar the product contains for every 100g:
• more than 15g of total sugars per 100g is high
• 5g of total sugars or less per 100g is low
If the amount of sugars per 100g is between these figures, that’s a medium level of sugars.
Cutting down on sugar
These tips may help you cut down on sugar:
• instead of sugary, fizzy drinks and juice drinks, go for water or unsweetened fruit juice (remember to dilute these for children, to further reduce the sugar)
• if you take sugar in hot drinks or add it to cereal, gradually reduce the amount until you can cut it out altogether
• check nutrition labels to help you pick the foods with less added sugar, or go for the low-sugar version
• choose tins of fruit in juice rather than syrup
• choose wholegrain breakfast cereals, but not those coated with sugar or honey